The improbably small flowers of rough bedstraw. The tip of my thumb gives an indication of just how tiny these guys are.
[photo of flowers] Small branched clusters of several to many stalked flowers arising from leaf axils and at the ends of branching stems. Flowers are about 1/8 inch across with 4 white petals longer than wide and pointed at the tip.
Leaves and stems: Leaf attachment: whorl Leaf type: simple
[photo of leaves] Leaves are mostly whorled in groups of 6, though branches may be whorled in 4s or 5s. Leaves are 1/3 to ¾ inch long, up to ¼ inch wide, generally elliptical but usually widest above the middle, with an abrupt sharp point at the tip. There are tiny downward pointing hairs around the edges and along the midvein on the underside. Stems are 4-sided with downward pointing hairs along the angles. Stems are weak and usually sprawling, using surrounding vegetation for support, and heavily branched.
Fruit: Fruit type: capsule/pod
Fruit is a pair of smooth round capsules, each less than 1/16 inch across and containing a single seed.
Rough Bedstraw is aptly named. The downward pointing hairs on leaves and stems allow it to grab onto and stick to anything that passes by. It most closely resembles Fragrant Bedstraw (Galium triflorum), which has greenish flowers all grouped in 3s, and is mostly unbranched. Also similar is Cleavers/Sticky-willy (Galium aparine), which blooms much earlier, has longer, narrower leaves whorled in 6 to 8, few flowers in a cluster, fruit covered in hooked hairs, is primarily a woodland species, and is also few-branched.